• Arun Kumar

Oracle Non-ASM to ASM Migration

Moving your database from file system to ASM provides you more control over disk failure, redundancy and storage management. We have an orcl database which is configured on Linux filesystem. We will be migrating orcl database from Linux filesystem to Oracle ASM.


Oracle Non-ASM to ASM migration steps


Configure Disk for ASM


First of all, we need to install ASM packages as root user

yum -y install oracleasm*
yum -y install kmod-oracleasm

Add OS groups

groupadd -g 54327 asmdba
groupadd -g 54328 asmoper
groupadd -g 54329 asmadmin

Add asmdba as secondary group to Oracle user

usermod -a -G asmdba oracle

Create Grid User

useradd -m -u 54331 -g oinstall -G dba,asmdba,asmoper,asmadmin,racdba grid

Change the password for Grid user

passwd grid

Configure the Oracle ASM

oracleasm configure -i

Default user to own the driver interface []: grid
Default group to own the driver interface []: dba
Start Oracle ASM library driver on boot(y/n) [n]: y
Scan for Oracle ASM disks on boot (y/n): y
Writing Oracle ASM library driver configuration: done

Now we need to initiate Oracle ASM

oracleasm init

Creating/dev/oracleasm
mount point:/dev/oracleasm
Loading module "oracleasm": oracleasm
Configure "Oracleasm" to use device physical block size
Mounting ASMlib driver filesystem: /dev/oracleasm

Add 30 GB HDD to virtual machine which will be used to create 3 partitions of 10 GB each for ASM disks

Settings >> Storage

Controller SATA >> Create New Disk

Click on Next

Give Size as 30GB >> Create

Done. Start virtual machine, login as root user and format the disk. You can see that the newly added disk is /dev/sdb

fdisk -l

Format /dev/sdb disk and create 3 partition

fdisk /dev/sdb

n            --> Create 1st partition
p
1
<enter>
+10g

n            --> Create 2nd partition
p
2
<enter>
+10g

n            --> Create 3rd partitions
p
3
<enter>
<enter>
w            --> save partitions

Confirm if you are able to see all the partions

[root@19c ~]# fdisk -l /dev/sdb

Disk /dev/sdb: 32.2 GB, 32212254720 bytes, 62914560 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x6a70525e

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdb1 2048 20973567 10485760 83 Linux
/dev/sdb2 20973568 41945087 10485760 83 Linux
/dev/sdb3 41945088 62914559 10484736 83 Linux

Create separate ASM Disk for each partition

oracleasm createdisk CRS1 /dev/sdb1
oracleasm createdisk DATA1 /dev/sdb2
oracleasm createdisk FRA1 /dev/sdb3

Check the ASM disks

oracleasm listdisks

We can also check through

ls -lrt /dev/oracleasm/disks

Now we are ready to move onto oracle 19c grid infrastructure standalone installation!


Install Oracle 19c Grid


Let us install the grid software as it contains the ASM binaries. Create directories for Oracle Grid installation

mkdir -p /u01/app/grid
mkdir -p /u01/app/grid/product/19.3/grid_home
chown -R grid:oinstall /u01/app/grid
chmod -R 775 /u01

Edit Grid user Bash_Profile and put below contents

su - grid
vi .bash_profile

# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
	. ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs
ORACLE_SID=+ASM; export ORACLE_SID
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid; export ORACLE_BASE
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/grid/product/19.3/grid_home; export ORACLE_HOME
ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM
JAVA_HOME=/usr/bin/java; export JAVA_HOME
TNS_ADMIN=$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin; export TNS_ADMIN

PATH=.:${JAVA_HOME}/bin:${PATH}:$HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
PATH=${PATH}:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/local/bin
export PATH

umask 022

Execute the bash profile and check environment variables

. .bash_profile

env|grep ORA

Copy Oracle 19c grid software under grid home using WinSCP

Connect as grid user and unzip the grid software

cd $ORACLE_HOME

unzip -qo /software/location/LINUX.X64_193000_grid_home.zip

Start the gridSetup.sh which will install grid software. Make sure xming is up and running on your windows machine

./gridSetup.sh

Oracle 19c Grid installation is completed.


Setup ASM Diskgroups


Start asmca to configure DATA and FRA diskgroups

Click on create

Disk Group Name: DATA >> Redundancy: External >> Select DATA1 disk >> Click on OK

Let's create FRA diskgroup. Click on create. Disk Group Name: FRA >> Redundancy: External >> Select FRA1 disk >> Click on OK

Exit from asmca.


Move Parameter File to ASM


First check the locations of Parameter file, Control file, Data file, Temp file and Redo Log files. This is important piece of information as we move database files to ASM

show parameter pfile;
select name from v$controlfile;
select name from v$datafile;
select name from v$tempfile;
select member from v$logfile;

Take backup of spfile and restore it to ASM

rman target /

backup as backupset spfile;
restore spfile to '+DATA/spfileorcl.ora';

Rename old spfile as it no longer required

mv $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/spfileorcl.ora $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/spfileorcl.ora_old

Create new pfile which points to the spfile on ASM

vi $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/initorcl.ora

spfile='+DATA/spfileorcl.ora'

Bounce the database and check if it’s showing new location for spfile

shut immediate

startup nomount;
show Parameter pfile;

Parameter file migration to ASM is done!


Move Control Files to ASM


As our database is already in no-mount mode, we shall connect to RMAN to copy controlfiles from filesystem to ASM

rman target/

restore controlfile to '+DATA' from '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ORCL/control01.ctl';

restore controlfile to '+FRA' from '/u01/app/oracle/FRA/ORCL/control02.ctl';

Find new controlfiles locations from asmcmd and update inside database

alter system set control_files='+DATA/CDB1/CONTROL/control01.ctl',
'+FRA/CDB1/CONTROL/control02.ctl' scope=spfile;

Bounce the database and put in mount mode. Check if database is showing new location for control files

shut immediate;

startup mount;
show parameter control_files

Controlfile migration to ASM done!


Move Data Files to ASM


Let us move datafiles from filesystem to ASM. As our database is in mount mode, we can go ahead and use RMAN to copy datafiles to ASM

rman target/

backup as copy database format '+DATA';

Switch the database to the data files on ASM

switch database to copy;

Migrate Temp File to ASM


Use below run code to migrate temp file to ASM

RMAN>run
{
set newname for tempfile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ORCL/temp01.dbf' to '+DATA';
switch tempfile all;
}

Open the database and check new locations for datafiles and tempfile

alter database open;

select name from v$datafile;
select name from v$tempfile;

Migrate Redo Log Files to ASM


The simple way is to add new log members on ASM to every Redo Log group and drop the log members on disk. Let’s check available logfile and their path and status

SELECT a.group#, b.member, a.status FROM v$log a, v$logfile b WHERE a.group#=b.group#;

Add log members at new location, in ASM

alter database add logfile member '+data' to group 1;
alter database add logfile member '+data' to group 2;
alter database add logfile member '+data' to group 3;
alter database add logfile member '+fra' to group 1;
alter database add logfile member '+fra' to group 2;
alter database add logfile member '+fra' to group 3;

Check if logfile are added to new location

SELECT a.group#, b.member, a.status FROM v$log a, V$logfile b WHERE a. group#=b.group#;

Let’s drop old logfiles from file system. To drop logfile member, Status should not be in current mode

SQL> ALTER DATABASE DROP LOGFILE MEMBER /u01/app/oracle/ORCL/redo03.log';

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

SQL> ALTER DATABASE DROP LOGFILE MEMBER /u01/app/oracle/ORCL/redo01.log';

SQL> alter system switch logfile;

SQL> ALTER DATABASE DROP LOGFILE MEMBER /u01/app/oracle/ORCL/redo02.log';

Verify if redo log members are migrated to ASM

SQL> SELECT a.group#,b. member, a.status FROM v$log a , V$logfile b WHERE a.group#=b.group#;

Redo log file are migrated to ASM!


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